Know Your Noggin

Image of the brain

Your Brain

  • Is the most important part of your body.
  • Controls your ability to think, talk, move and breathe.
  • Allows every part of your body to function – even when you are sleeping.
  • Controls your senses, behaviors, emotions, memory and personality.

Types of Brain Injuries

  • Brain injuries are described as traumatic or acquired, based on the cause of the injury.
  • A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by an external impact, usually a violent blow to the head.
  • An acquired brain injury (ABI) results from an illness or medical condition or a harmful event, such as lack of oxygen during surgery, a drug overdose or a near drowning.

Is It JUST a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of TBI caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.

This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.

Medical providers may describe a concussion as a "mild" brain injury because they usually are not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious!

Who is at the Greatest Risk of a TBI?

Most TBIs occur among children, adolescents, young adults and people over age 75, but males ages 14 to 24 are at the greatest risk.

TBIs often result from sports injuries or car accidents. Plus, people who have already had one TBI are at an increased risk of sustaining another.

Know Your Noggin Campaign

Signs and Symptoms of Brain Injuries

A brain injury can happen to anyone, anywhere, at any time or any age. No two brains are exactly alike, and the signs and symptoms of a brain injury also vary.

What Should I Do if I Think I Might Have a TBI?

  • Make others aware of your injury and concerns
  • When participating in a team sport, alert your coach or athletic trainer
  • Contact your family physician
  • Call 9-1-1 or be taken to a hospital emergency room

How Can I Protect Myself from a TBI?

Basic safety practices may protect you from a TBI or limit the severity of your injury.
View safety tips on how to prevent a brain injury.

Brain Injuries in North Dakota

Each year, an estimated 3,700 North Dakotans sustain traumatic brain injuries. More than 13,000 North Dakotans currently are living with long-term disabilities from TBIs. Read more on brain injuries in North Dakota.

How Can a Brain Injury Affect Day-to-Day Living?

A TBI can have a dramatic effect on daily life. In fact, brain injuries are a leading cause of disability in the U.S.

Depending on the severity of the injury, a TBI survivor may recover quickly; others will struggle with a variety of life-altering changes for the rest of their lives. Learn more about the impacts of a TBI.


The North Dakota Brain Injury Network: Assistance for TBI Survivors

NDBIN logo The North Dakota Brain Injury Network advocates for North Dakotans who have traumatic brain injuries. NDBIN resource facilitators help TBI survivors, their families and providers get answers to questions, receive ongoing support and gain access to services. Learn more about NDBIN services.

NDBIN is located at the Center for Rural Health, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Grand Forks, North Dakota, and provides services throughout the state.


Know Your Noggin Campaign About Know Your Noggin

Know Your Noggin is a TBI education and awareness campaign created by the North Dakota Brain Injury Network and the North Dakota Department of Human Services.