Taking Steps to Prevent Brain Injuries
Most Traumatic Brain Injuries are Preventable
Someone in the US sustains a traumatic brain injury (TBI) every 23 seconds. While most of these injuries occur among children, adolescents, young adults, and people older than 75, males who are 14 to 24 years old are at the greatest risk.
People who already have TBIs are also at a greater risk for sustaining another brain injury.
How Can You Prevent a Brain Injury?
- Use seat belts. Everyone in a vehicle should wear a seat belt. Children younger than 12 should always sit in the back seat. Infants, toddlers, and children - according to their weight - should use child safety seats or booster seats.
- Wear bike helmets. When worn correctly, bike helmets are 85% effective in preventing brain injuries.
- Protect playground surfaces. There should be at least 12 inches of wood chips, mulch, sand, pea gravel, or safety-tested rubber mats that extend six feet in all directions from the equipment.
- Use mouth guards and helmets during sports and recreational activities. Mouth guards can help cushion a blow to the lower jaw and lessen the chance for a concussion. Sports helmets protect your head from equipment, collisions with other players, and falls.
- Lock firearms away and use gun locks. Approximately 91% of firearm-related brain injuries result in death.
- Avoid falls. Using step stools, handrails, safety gates on stairs, or window guards can prevent people from falling.
For more information on preventing brain injuries, visit
- North Dakota Department of Health – Injury Prevention and Control
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Traumatic Brain Injury
Stroke ranks fifth as the leading cause of death. It's also the leading cause of disability in the US. Eighty percent of second clot-related strokes may be preventable.
To help prevent strokes:
- Monitor your blood pressure
- Control your cholesterol
- Keep your blood sugar down
- Get active
- Eat better
- Lose weight if you need to
- Don't smoke
- Talk to your doctor about aspirin or other medications
For more information about stroke prevention visit the American Stroke Association – About Strokes website.